17. Letter Combinations of a Phone Number

Description

Given a digit string, return all possible letter combinations that the number could represent.

A mapping of digit to letters (just like on the telephone buttons) is given below.

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Example:

Input: "23"
Output: ["ad", "ae", "af", "bd", "be", "bf", "cd", "ce", "cf"].

Note:

Although the above answer is in lexicographical order, your answer could be in any order you want.

Tags: String, Backtracking

题意

题意是给你按键,让你组合出所有不同结果

题解

思路1

首先想到的肯定是回溯了,对每个按键的所有情况进行回溯,回溯的终点就是结果字符串长度和按键长度相同。

var maps = []string{"abc", "def", "ghi", "jkl", "mno", "pqrs", "tuv", "wxyz"}

func letterCombinations(digits string) []string {
    if len(digits) == 0 {
        return nil
    }
    var res []string
    var str string
    dfs(digits, &res, str, 0)
    return res
}

func dfs(digits string, res *[]string, str string, start int) {
    if start == len(digits) {
        *res = append(*res, str)
        return
    }
    mapStr := maps[digits[start]-'2']
    for i := 0; i < len(mapStr); i++ {
        dfs(digits, res, str+string(mapStr[i]), start+1)
    }
}

思路2

思路2 ```go

```

结语

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