30. Substring with Concatenation of All Words

Description

You are given a string, s, and a list of words, words, that are all of the same length. Find all starting indices of substring(s) in s that is a concatenation of each word in words exactly once and without any intervening characters.

Example 1:

Input:
  s = "barfoothefoobarman",
  words = ["foo","bar"]
Output: [0,9]
Explanation: Substrings starting at index 0 and 9 are "barfoor" and "foobar" respectively.
The output order does not matter, returning [9,0] is fine too.

Example 2:

Input:
  s = "wordgoodstudentgoodword",
  words = ["word","student"]
Output: []

Tags: Math, String

题意

给定一个目标字符串s,一个单词集合words。 要求使得words集合中所有元素连续出现在s中的首位置组成的集合(元素顺序不考虑)。

题解

思路1

将数据存在一个数组,然后依次遍历寻找

func findSubstring(s string, words []string) []int {
    //init
    res := []int{}

    sLen, wordsNum := len(s), len(words)
    //special
    if sLen == 0 || wordsNum == 0 {
        return res
    }
    //注意:words中所有单词长度相同,均为wordLen
    wordLen := len(words[0])
    // remainNum 记录 words 中每个单词还能出现的次数
    remainNum := make(map[string]int, wordsNum)
    count := 0

    // 由于 index 增加的跨度是 wordLen
    // index 需要分别从{0,1,...,wordLen-1}这些位置开始检查,才能不遗漏
    for initialIndex := 0; initialIndex < wordLen; initialIndex++ {
        index := initialIndex
        count = initRecord(words, remainNum)

        for index+wordsNum*wordLen <= sLen {
            word := s[index+count*wordLen : index+(count+1)*wordLen]
            remainTimes, ok := remainNum[word]
            switch {
            case !ok:
                //出现了不在words中的单词
                //从word后面一个单词,重新开始统计
                index += wordLen * (count + 1)
                if count != 0 {
                    count = initRecord(words, remainNum)
                }
            case remainTimes == 0:
                //word的出现次数上次查询就用完了
                //说明s[index:index+(count+1)*wordLen]中有单词多出现了
                index, count = moveIndex(index, wordLen, count, s, remainNum)
                // 这个case会连续出现
                // 直到s[index:index+(count+1)*lenw]中所有单词的出现次数都不超标
                //
                // 在 moveIndex() 的过程中,index+(count+1)*lenw 保持值不变
            default:
                // ok && remainTimes > 0,word 符合出现的条件
                // 更新统计记录
                remainNum[word]--
                count++
                // 检查 words 能否排列组合成 s[index:index+count*lenw]
                if count == wordsNum {
                    res = append(res, index)

                    // 把 index 指向下一个单词
                    // 开始下一个统计
                    index, count = moveIndex(index, wordLen, count, s, remainNum)
                }
            }
        }
    }
    return res
}

func initRecord(words []string, remainNum map[string]int) int {
    for _, word := range words {
        remainNum[word] = 0
    }
    for _, word := range words {
        remainNum[word]++
    }
    return 0
}

func moveIndex(index, wordLen, count int, s string, remainNum map[string]int) (int, int) {
    // index 指向下一个单词的同时,需要同时修改统计记录

    // 增加 index 指向的 word 可出现次数一次,
    remainNum[s[index:index+wordLen]]++
    // 连续符合条件的单词数减少一个
    count--
    // index 后移一个 word 的长度
    index += wordLen
    return index, count
}

思路2

思路2 ```go

```

结语

如果你同我一样热爱数据结构、算法、LeetCode,可以关注我 GitHub 上的 LeetCode 题解:awesome-golang-leetcode

results matching ""

    No results matching ""