34. Find First and Last Position of Element in Sorted Array

Description

Given an array of integers nums sorted in ascending order, find the starting and ending position of a given target value.

Your algorithm's runtime complexity must be in the order of O(log n).

If the target is not found in the array, return [-1, -1].

Example 1:

Input: nums = [5,7,7,8,8,10], target = 8
Output: [3,4]

Example 2:

Input: nums = [5,7,7,8,8,10], target = 6
Output: [-1,-1]

Tags: Math, String

题意

给定一个按照升序排列的整数数组 nums,和一个目标值 target。找出给定目标值在数组中的开始位置和结束位置 你的算法时间复杂度必须是 O(log n) 级别。 如果数组中不存在目标值,返回 [-1, -1]。

题解

思路1

直线查找

unc searchRange(nums []int, target int) []int {
    targetRange := []int{-1, -1}

    for i := 0; i < len(nums); i++ {
        if nums[i] == target {
            targetRange[0] = i
            break
        }
    }
    if targetRange[0] == -1 {
        return targetRange
    }

    for j := len(nums) - 1; j >= 0; j-- {
        if nums[j] == target {
            targetRange[1] = j
            break
        }
    }
    return targetRange
}

思路2

二分查找 ```go func searchRange2(nums []int, target int) []int { targetRange := []int{-1, -1} leftIndex := extremeInsertionIndex(nums, target, true)

if leftIndex == len(nums) || nums[leftIndex] != target {
    return targetRange
}

targetRange[0] = leftIndex
targetRange[1] = extremeInsertionIndex(nums, target, false) - 1

return targetRange

} func extremeInsertionIndex(nums []int, target int, left bool) int { lo := 0 hi := len(nums) for lo < hi { mid := (lo + hi) / 2 if nums[mid] > target || left && target == nums[mid] { hi = mid } else { lo = mid + 1 } } return lo }

```

结语

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